THE ROLLING STONES

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" We Piss Anywhere man..."
- Brian Jones


The Rolling Stones are an English rock band, formed in London in April 1962 by Keith Richards,Mick Jagger,Ronnie Wood and Charlie Watts.
ROLES:
- (Lead vocals, harmonica, guitar) Mick Jagger
- (drummer) Charlie Watts
- (guitar, vocals) Keith Richards
- (Piano) Ian Stewart
- (Bassist) Bill Wyman
- ( Harmonica, Guitar) Brian Jones

Jones first led the band until Jagger and Richards assumed leadership after teaming as songwriters. By 1969 Jones' diminishing contributions to the band and his inability to tour led to him leaving the band three weeks before he drowned in his swimming pool. His replacement Mick Taylor stayed with the band until 1974, and was replaced by Ronnie Wood. Wyman retired from the band in 1993; his replacement Darryl Jones has not been made a full member. Stewart was taken from the official line-up in 1963 and continued as the band's road manager and occasional pianist until his death in 1985. Since 1982, Chuck Leavell has been the band's primary keyboardist.
First popular in Europe, the Rolling Stones quickly became successful in North America during the British Invasion of the mid 1960s. Having released 22 studio albums in the United Kingdom (24 in the United States), nine live albums (ten in the US), and numerous compilations, their worldwide sales are estimated at more than 200 million albums.During 1971,Sticky Fingers began a string of eight consecutive studio albums reaching number one in the United States. Their most recent album of entirely new material, A Bigger Bang, was released in 2005. In 1989, the Rolling Stones were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and in 2004, they ranked number 4 in Rolling Stone magazine's 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. In 2008, Billboard magazine ranked the Rolling Stones at number ten on "The Billboard Hot 100 Top All-Time Artists", and as the second most successful group in the Billboard Hot 100 chart.

EARLY HISTORY

1950s
Keith Richards and Mick Jagger were childhood friends and classmates at Wentworth Primary School in Dartford.

1960s
When Richard's on his way to class at Sidcup Art College, and Jagger, on his way to class at London School of Economics, met at Dartford train station
the Chuck Berry and Muddy Waters records Jagger carried revealed a mutual interest
leading to the re-establishment of their friendship and the formation of a band with Dick Taylor.

HISTORY

12 JULY 1962
The band played their first gig at the Marquee Club billed as "The Rollin' Stones". The line-up was Jagger, Richards and Jones, along with Stewart on piano, Taylor on bass and Chapman on drums. Jones and Stewart wanted to play Chicago blues, but were agreeable to the Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley numbers of Jagger and Richards. Bassist Bill Wyman joined in December 1962 and drummer Charlie Watts the following January 1963 to form the band's long-standing rhythm section.

7 JUNE 1963

A cover of Chuck Berry's "Come On" was the Rolling Stones' first single, released on 7 June 1963. The Rolling Stones refused to play it at live gigs and Decca bought only one ad to promote the single. With Oldham's direction fan-club members bought copies at record shops polled by the charts, helping "Come On" rise to No.21 on the UK singles charts.Having a charting single gave the band entree to play outside London, starting with a booking at the Outlook Club in Middlesbrough on 13 July, sharing the billing with The Hollies. Later in the year Oldham and Easton arranged the band's first big UK concert tour as a supporting act for American stars including Bo Diddley, Little Richard and The Everly Brothers. This Autumn 1963 tour became a "training ground" for the young band's stagecraft.



JUNE 1964

The Rolling Stones' first US tour, was, in Bill Wyman's words, "a disaster". When we arrived, we didn't have a hit record there or anything going for us. When the band appeared on Dean Martin's TV variety show The Hollywood Palace, Martin mocked both their hair and their performance. During the tour they recorded for two days at Chess Studios in Chicago, meeting many of their most important influences, including Muddy Waters. These sessions included what would become the Rolling Stones' first number 1 hit in the UK: their cover of Bobby and Shirley Womack's "It's All Over Now".
The Rolling Stones followed James Brown in the filmed theatrical release of The TAMI Show, which showcased American acts with British Invasion artists. According to Mick Jagger in 2003, "We weren't actually following James Brown because there were hours in between the filming of each section. Nevertheless, he was still very annoyed about it..." On 25 October the band also appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show. Regarding the pandemonium the Rolling Stones caused, Sullivan banned the band from his show, though he later did book them repeatedly. Their second LP – the US-only 12 X 5-– was released during this tour; like their first album, it contained mainly cover tunes, augmented by Jagger/Richards and Nanker Phelge tracks.

The Rolling Stones' fifth UK single – a cover of Willie Dixon's "Little Red Rooster backed by "Off the Hook" credited to Nanker Phelge – was released in November 1964 and became their second No.1 hit in the UK – an unprecedented achievement for a blues number. The band's US distributors (London Records) declined to release "Little Red Rooster" as a single there. In December 1964 London Records released the band's first single with Jagger/Richards originals on both sides: "Heart of Stone" backed with "What a Shame"; "Heart of Stone" went to number 19 in the US.

January, 1965
The band's second UK LP – The Rolling Stones No. 2, was released in January 1965 charted at number 1 as an album, and the US version, released in February as The Rolling Stones, Now!, reached number 5. The album was recorded at Chess Studios in Chicago and RCA Studios in Los Angeles.In January/February 1965 the band played 34 shows for about 100,000 people in Australia and New Zealand.
The first Jagger/Richards composition to reach number 1 on the UK singles charts was "The Last Time" which was released in February 1965.

Spring,1966
Aftermath which hit the charts in the UK as number 1 and in the US as number 2, released in the late spring of 1966, was the first Rolling Stones album to be composed entirely of Jagger/Richards songs. On this album Jones's contributions expanded beyond guitar and harmonica. To the Middle Eastern-influenced "Paint It Black" he added sitar, to the ballad "Lady Jane" he added dulcimer, and to "Under My Thumb" he added marimbas. Aftermath was also notable for the almost 12-minute long "Goin' Home", the first extended jam on a top-selling rock & roll album.

January 1967

The release of Between the Buttons was, in the UK number and in the US number 2. The album was Andrew Oldham's last venture as the Rolling Stones' producer because his role as the band's manager had been taken over by Allen Klein in 1965. The US version included the double A-side single "Let's Spend the Night Together" and "Ruby Tuesday", which went to number 1 in America and number 3 in the UK. When the band went to New York to perform the numbers on The Ed Sullivan Show, they were ordered to change the lyrics of the refrain to "let's spend some time together".

1968

The band spent the first few months of 1968 working on material for their next album. Those sessions resulted in the song "Jumpin' Jack Flash", released as a single in May. The song and the subsequent album, Beggars Banquet which was in the UK number 3 and in the US, number 5), An eclectic mix of country and blues-inspired tunes, marked the band's return to their roots, and the beginning of their collaboration with producer Jimmy Miller. Featuring the lead single "Street Fighting Man" (which addressed the political upheavals of May 1968) and the opening track "Sympathy for the Devil. Beggars Banquet was well received at the time of release.